Plastic Waste is the accumulation of plastic objects in the Earth’s environment that adversely affects wildlife habitat and humans.
It also refers to the amount of plastic that isn’t recycled and ends up in landfill or unregulated dumping sites. For example, in the UK, over 5 million tonnes of plastic are consumed each year and yet only 1% of it is recycled.
However, majority of the plastic materials take centuries to degrade, all of the plastic sent to the landfills in the UK still exists and yet we are producing and consuming more of it. Plastic as garbage has to be discarded somewhere, and it’s frequently either dumped carelessly on land or in rivers, before ending up in the ocean, where it threatens marine life.
Each year approximately 8 million tonnes of plastic end up in our oceans. Some researchers predict that this figure could double by 2025, while others suggest there could be more plastic than fish in our oceans by 2050.
Businesses and individuals can make a concerted effort to reduce the amount of plastic they purchase, use, and discard. Small habitual changes can make a positive difference by reducing the amount of plastic used, in turn pollution.